Computational Imaging

a new way of seeing the world

Research Highlights of
Information Processing & Algorithms Laboratory


The Information Processing and Algorithms Laboratory (iPAL) is directed by Prof. Vishal Monga. Graduate research in iPAL broadly encompasses signal and image processing theory and applications with a particular focus on capturing practical real-world constraints via convex optimization theory and algorithms.


Efficient And Interpretable Deep Blind Image Deblurring Via Algorithm Unrolling

Blind image deblurring remains a topic of enduring interest. Learning based approaches, especially those that employ neural networks have emerged to complement traditional model based methods and in many cases achieve vastly enhanced performance. That said, neural network approaches are generally empirically designed and the underlying structures are difficult to interpret. In recent years, a promising technique called algorithm unrolling has been developed that has helped connect iterative algorithms such as those for sparse coding to neural network architectures. In this paper, we propose a neural network architecture based on this idea to solve the blind image unrolling problem.

Ghost-Free High Dynamic Range Imaging

We propose a ghost-free high dynamic range (HDR) image synthesis algorithm using a low-rank matrix completion framework, which we call RM-HDR. Based on the assumption that irradiance maps are linearly related to low dynamic range (LDR) image exposures, we formulate ghost region detection as a rank minimization problem. We incorporate constraints on moving objects, i.e., sparsity, connectivity, and priors on under and over exposed regions into the framework.

A MAP Estimation Framework for HDR Video Synthesis

High dynamic range (HDR) image synthesis from multiple low dynamic range (LDR) exposures continues to be a topic of great interest. Its extension to HDR video is also a topic of significant research interest due to its increasing demand and economic costs. However, limited work has been done in this area because of its major challenge in accurate correspondence estimation; in particular, loss of data resulting from poor exposures and varying intensity make conventional optical flow methods highly inaccurate.

Bundle Robust Alignment for Panoramic Stitching

Here we study the problem of image alignment for panoramic stitching. Unlike most existing approaches that are feature-based, our algorithm works on pixels directly, and accounts for errors across the whole images globally. Technically, we formulate the alignment problem as rank-1 and sparse matrix decomposition over transformed images, and develop an efficient algorithm for solving this challenging non-convex optimization problem. The algorithm reduces to a sequence of subproblems, where we analytically establish exact recovery conditions, convergence and optimality, together with convergence rate and complexity.

Sparsity-based Color Image Super Resolution via Exploiting Cross Channel Constraints

Sparsity constrained single image super-resolution (SR) has been of much recent interest. A typical approach involves sparsely representing patches in a low-resolution (LR) input image via a dictionary of example LR patches, and then using the coefficients of this representation to generate the highresolution (HR) output via an analogous HR dictionary. However, most existing sparse representation methods for super resolution focus on the luminance channel information and do not capture interactions between color channels. In this work, we extend sparsity based super-resolution to multiple color channels by taking color information into account.

Blind Image Deblurring Using Row-Column Sparse Representations

Blind image deblurring is a particularly challenging inverse problem where the blur kernel is unknown and must be estimated en route to recovering the de-blurred image. The problem is of strong practical relevance since many imaging devices such as cellphone cameras, must rely on deblurring algorithms to yield satisfactory image quality. Despite significant research effort, handling large motions remains an open problem. In this paper, we develop a new method called Blind Image Deblurring Using Row-Column Sparse Representations (BD-RCS) to address this issue. Specifically, we model the outer product of kernel and image coefficients in certain transformation domains as a rank-one matrix, and recover it via a rank minimization problem.


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